The first mass deportations of Roma and Sinti from Austria to Poland began in November 1941. They were taken to the Jewish ghetto in Litzmannstadt/Łódz´. Out of a total of 5,007 people, mainly from the Austrian province of Burgenland, 60 per cent were children under the age of twelve. 12,630 deportees died of typhoid fever during the first few weeks and were buried in mass graves. Around Christmas 1941, the survivors were sent north to the Chełmno/Kulmhof extermination camp.

1941 - 1942