The National Socialists planned Flossenbürg as a concentration camp with forced labour under their “Extermination Through Work” policy. That was the fate intended for political opponents and “anti-social outsiders” particularly. More than 1,200 Sinti and Roma were deported to Flossenbürg as alleged “anti-social elements” and forced to carry out extremely hard physical labour, e.g. in the local quarry or nearby arms factories.