Camp Westerbork in the Netherlands was set up in 1938 as a refugee camp for German and Austrian Jews fl eeing the Third Reich. After Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940, Westerbork became a transit camp for Dutch Jews and Roma and Sinti being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Sobibór and other camps. In May 1944, 574 “caravan dwellers” were arrested and taken to Westerbork. They were examined and 245 whom the Nazis considered to be “Gypsies” were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Only thirty survived.