The Lackenbach “Gypsy” Camp was set up by various district councils in Lower Austria and the Vienna municipal authority. At times, the camp housed up to 2,000 people under atrocious conditions; 273 people died there. The inmates were often hired out to local companies as forced labour. Out of a total of 4,000 inmates, 2,000 were deported to Łódz´ in 1941. Most of the rest were taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943.