C4 Municipal Camps

The fi rst “Gypsy” camps in the Third Reich were not set up by Nazi Party offi cials or the SS but by German municipal authorities. In 1935, Cologne city council forced 500 Sinti and Roma to leave their fl ats, houses and caravan parks and moved them to a new “Gypsy” camp on the outskirts of the city in Blickendorf. Similar camps were established in Hamburg, Düsseldorf, Berlin, Frankfurt, Essen and Hanover.

Deutsche Sinti Familie im Lager Blickendorf in Köln am 12. Dezember 1937.