A camp was set up for Roma and Sinti in the village of Elewijt, on the outskirts of the Belgian city of Mechelen/Malines. Following the Germany invasion of Belgium in 1940, the old army barracks in Mechelen/Malines was used as a prison and detention camp for political prisoners, and also for Jews, Roma and Sinti. In 1944, 352 French and Belgian Sinti and Roma were deported from Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Only 31 of them survived. However, the families in the Elewijt Camp were not deported to Auschwitz.